What is a Twilight Switch?
The twilight switch is a control device used to switch lighting circuits remotely according to the scheduled level of the ambient light detected by a special sensor. The switch-on and off threshold can be adjusted by the user.
It is suitable for use in places such as shop windows, street lighting, car parks, animal breeding facilities, highways, secondary roads and telecom stations where automatic control of lighting is required.
Using a twilight switch can prevent the unnecessary use of lighting circuits where sufficient daylight increases. As it allows for a reduction of energy consumption, it can be used in external places like gardens, parks, parking lots, entrances, courtyards, etc.
How Does a Twilight Switch Work?
The twilight switch allows to switch ON and switch OFF lighting devices according to a scheduled level of the ambient light. It is used in combination with an external sensor to detect if the ambient light is higher or lower than the set level.
When the external light falls below a certain level (e.g. during the evening when the shop is closed), the device switches on the lights. When the external light returns to above the threshold value, the relay returns to the open position.
The twilight switch is suitable for use in places such as shop windows, street lighting, car parks, animal breeding facilities, highways, secondary roads, telecom stations, conveyor control and where automatic control of lighting is required.
Advantages of Twilight Switch
- It saves energy.
- It is easy to install.
- It has compact dimensions.
- It is cost-friendly.
- It has an adjustable light intensity level.
- Systems are available for operating over distances from 10–15 mm up to 50 m or more.
- It improves comfort and security.
Disadvantages of Twilight Switch
- An external sensor is needed.
- Unwanted tripping may occur.
- Sensors should be kept clean.
- For use only in closed, dry rooms (device); the sensor is intended for outdoor installation.
Twilight Switch Selection Parameters
You can select a twilight switch considering the below parameters:
Operating voltage: They are available in various voltage ratings, and it is important to select a switch that matches the voltage rating of the lighting fixture that it is controlling.
Sensitivity: The sensitivity refers to the level of ambient light required to trigger the switch. A switch with high sensitivity will turn the lights on or off in response to lower light levels, while a switch with low sensitivity will require higher light levels to trigger.
Response time: The response time of a switch refers to the time taken by the switch to turn the lights on or off after detecting a change in ambient light levels. A shorter response time is preferable, as it ensures that the lights are turned on or off quickly in response to changing light conditions.
Load capacity: The load capacity of a twilight switch refers to the maximum power rating of the lighting fixture that it can control. It is important to select a switch that can handle the power requirements of the lighting fixture.
Environmental conditions: The switches may be exposed to harsh environmental conditions such as extreme temperatures, humidity, and dust. It is important to select a switch that is designed to withstand the specific environmental conditions of the installation location. The operating and storage temperature are also important.
Mounting: They are available in different mounting options such as surface mount, flush mount, and pole mount. The mounting option should be selected based on the installation location and the specific requirements of the lighting fixture.
Time delay: Some switches have a time delay feature, which allows a delay of a few seconds or minutes before turning the lights on or off. This feature can be useful in situations where sudden changes in light levels may cause the lights to flicker unnecessarily.