As one of the most widely used forms of electricity, AC has revolutionized the way we power our homes, businesses, and industries. In this article, we’ll explore the many benefits of AC and why it’s become the preferred method of electrical power transmission worldwide. Whether you’re an engineer, electrician or simply interested in the science of electricity, this article is sure to shed some light on the advantages of alternating current (AC) and how it has transformed our modern world.
Advantages of Alternating Current (AC)
The benefits of alternating current (AC) are:
1. Easy to step-up
Electrical energy is used for a variety of things today. Large amounts of electrical energy must be economically sent across great distances at high voltage. For a variety of reasons, it is hard to achieve a high voltage in direct current systems above a particular value. Higher voltages than those produced by direct current generators can be achieved using alternating current generators. Transformers make it simple to increase alternating voltage.
2. Easy to step-down
For measurement and utilization, the increased energy must also be decreased. Alternating current makes it feasible to accurately measure and use energy as well. AC allows for the use of transformers which can increase or decrease the voltage of the current as needed.
3. High efficiency
Alternating current generators offer a higher output power and are more effective than direct current generators. Because the turbines work better at high rotation rates, larger production facilities may be built, and the turbine generator system’s efficiency increases as a result.
4. Low cost
Multi-phase alternating current asynchronous motors are easy to produce and are about half the cost of an equivalent direct current motor. The cost savings come from the fact that AC induction motors do not require brushes or commutators like DC motors do. These components are more complex and expensive to manufacture.
5. Less maintenance
AC motors require much less maintenance than direct current motors. Because AC motors have a simpler design compared to DC motors, with fewer parts that can wear out or require maintenance.
6. Conversion to direct current is easy
Direct current is produced using alternating current. With the help of rectifiers or motor-generator groups, alternating electricity is brought near the point of use and converted to direct current. Rectifiers make it simple to change alternating current into the direct current but it is more difficult to change direct current into alternating current. Additionally, changing from AC to DC is less expensive than from DC to AC.
7. Small cable diameters
Large alternators are used in power plants to produce AC voltage. Transformers raise this AC voltage in order to reduce potential transmission line losses. The diameters of the conductors used in transmission lines are also reduced when the voltage is raised and the current is reduced.
8. Multi-phase options
The AC system has three phases, which is a useful feature since it enables us to deliver different phases to different locations. Also, if a problem only affects one phase, the other two will still function, preventing a complete power loss in all areas connected to the same supply.
AC is generally considered safer than DC because it is easier to isolate and control in the event of an electrical fault. AC circuits can be easily interrupted by a circuit breaker or fuse in the event of a fault.
AC can be used in a wide range of applications, including lighting, heating, air conditioning and motor control, among others.
11. Easy to control
AC can be easily controlled with the help of switches, relays and other devices making it a suitable choice for industrial and household applications. AC power is generated by power plants and it is delivered to homes, businesses and factories through a network of power lines.
In conclusion, alternating current (AC) has become the preferred method of electrical power transmission worldwide due to its numerous advantages. From its ability to step up and step down energy to its high efficiency and low cost, AC has revolutionized the way we power our homes, businesses and industries. The flexibility, easy control and safety of AC make it suitable for a wide range of applications and its ability to be easily converted to direct current adds to its versatility. With its simple design and reduced maintenance requirements, AC has transformed our modern world and continues to play a critical role in our daily lives.