Have you ever used a normally closed contactor in your electrical projects? This is a unique device that is different from a normal contactor. Let’s have a look at its definition, working principle, and structure.
What is a normally closed contactor?
The normally closed contactor is a type of special product that allows the current to pass through its main contacts when the contactor coil is not energized. When voltage is applied to the coil, its main contacts open and interrupt the current. It’s mainly used in lighting, crane, and safety applications.
This contactor’s main contacts have only one rest position: Closed
The working principle of a normally closed contactor is the opposite of a normally opened contactor which is the usual type of the automation industry. In normal operation, the normally closed contacts on the contactor remain closed allowing continual power to the load. When the contactor coil is energized, the main contacts disconnect the mains power from the load.
The main structure of a normally closed contactor
It can attract the moving core by controlling the attraction force. It does this by deriving magnetic flux from running current through the coil installed around the core.
To derive magnetic flux, the coil is installed around the core, derived magnetic flux changes by frequency, but in the small devices, it can be applied with one coil at 50, 60Hz.
It is a part breaking or flowing a load current and consists of a moving point, a fixed point, and grid it has a structure to send arc to the grid and make the arc discharge by making use of electromagnetic force for breaking circuits quickly derived by running current.
Circuits of a normally closed contactor
All the conductive parts of a contactor are designed to be inserted in a different circuit from the main circuit and the contactor control circuits.
All the conductive parts of a contactor (other than the main circuit and the auxiliary circuit) are used to control the contactor’s closing operation or opening operation or both
All the conductive parts of a contactor are designed to be inserted in the circuit that it controls
Sometimes a normally closed contactor can be called “a standard contactor with a normally closed auxiliary contact.”
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